The Role of Different Types of Evidence in Investigations and Legal Trials

Using your reading assignment, the videos above, and what you have learned about evidence, answer the following questions: Which of the three types of evidence (real, demonstrative, and circumstantial) do you think is the most effective to the outcome of an investigation?Which of the three types of evidence (real, demonstrative, and circumstantial) do you think would have the most impact on a criminal trial?Which type of evidence do you think contributes to the elements of a self-defense claim?Use a current legal trial or example to support your position for each of the questions above. Share on Facebook Tweet Follow us Sample Answer   The Role of Different Types of Evidence in Investigations and Legal Trials In the realm of criminal justice, the types of evidence presented can significantly impact the outcome of investigations and legal proceedings. Understanding the nuances of real, demonstrative, and circumstantial evidence is crucial in determining their effectiveness and relevance in different scenarios. Most Effective Type of Evidence in an Investigation Real evidence, which includes tangible objects or physical evidence directly related to the crime or incident under investigation, is often considered the most effective in determining the truth and establishing facts. Real evidence provides concrete proof of events and can corroborate or refute testimonial evidence. For example, DNA samples collected from a crime scene can conclusively link a suspect to the crime, making real evidence highly persuasive in investigations. Impact of Evidence on a Criminal Trial While real evidence is vital in investigations, demonstrative evidence plays a crucial role in criminal trials by visually illustrating complex information to judges and juries. Demonstrative evidence, such as diagrams, photographs, or simulations, helps jurors understand key elements of the case, reconstruct events, and evaluate expert testimony effectively. In a high-profile criminal trial like the O.J. Simpson case, where forensic evidence was central to the prosecution’s case, demonstrative evidence in the form of blood spatter patterns and DNA analysis had a significant impact on the trial’s outcome. Contribution to Self-Defense Claims Circumstantial evidence, which relies on inference and indirect indicators to establish facts, often contributes significantly to self-defense claims in criminal cases. In self-defense scenarios where direct proof may be lacking, circumstantial evidence such as the defendant’s actions, behavior of the alleged aggressor, and contextual factors can support the claim of acting in self-defense. For instance, in the trial of George Zimmerman for the shooting of Trayvon Martin, circumstantial evidence related to Zimmerman’s injuries and Martin’s actions played a role in shaping the self-defense narrative. In conclusion, the effectiveness and impact of different types of evidence vary depending on the context of investigations and legal trials. While real evidence provides concrete proof, demonstrative evidence aids in visualization and comprehension, and circumstantial evidence fills gaps and supports inference-based claims. Understanding how each type of evidence contributes to the overall narrative is essential in presenting a compelling case in criminal justice proceedings.   This question has been answered. Get Answer


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