Understanding Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in Adolescents and Children

Instructions: Mental health/behavioral disorder or issue: Ocd in adolescents and children Pick a mental health/behavioral disorder or issue that typically presents in childhood or adolescence. Below, you will find a detailed description of the various areas you will need to complete in your paper. In order to adequately address each of the sections, your final paper should be approximately 6 to 8 pages, not including the APA title or reference page. Also, please keep in mind the proper use of grammar and spelling ,as this will also contribute to your grade. This is an academic writing so it should be written in third person voice; in other words, no use of “I” in the paper. It should be double-spaced in a 10 or 12-point font such as Times New Roman.You will need to conduct research within the academic literature to create this paper. Please make sure that you are using articles from peer reviewed journals. It is NOT appropriate to use websites as resources for this paper.Below you will find the details of what should be included in each section of your paper: Introduction (10 points)a. Provide a brief introduction by identifying your disorder/issue. This can be done by defining the disorder/issue.b. Introduce the prevalence of the problem. Cite statistics to tell your reader how often we see this disorder in children/adolescents. After reading the introduction I should know why this is an important disorder to focus on. Detailed description of the Disorder (40 points) a. Consult the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM 5) and provide a description of your chosen mental health/behavioral disorder as well as the diagnostic criteria used to make this diagnosis.b. If this is a disorder that also occurs in adults then consider how the disorder presents differently in children/adolescents. Are there differences in the diagnostic criteria based on age, if so what are they? Theories to explain the disorder (50 points) a. You are to a major psychological theory that provides an explanation for how your chosen disorder develops. You should explain the basic premise of the theory and then provide the detailed description of how the theory explains the development of your disorder. b. You are to identify and explain the biological or biopsychological basis for this disorder. More specifically, what is the brain basis of the disorder? What do we know about the parts of the brain that are involved or impacted by this disorder? What biological factors contribute to or put someone at risk for this disorder? Treatment (50 points) a. If you were being asked to work with a child or adolescent with this disorder what are some of the interventions (behavioral or psychological) you would use to help the person with this disorder? Keep in mind the level of training you have to this point in your career. I would not expect anyone to say they would do psychotherapy because you have not been trained to do that yet. Your Walls and Rauner textbook will likely be helpful in creating this section of your paper. Multicultural Issues (30 points) a. How does this disorder present or how is it treated differently based on multicultural issues? What does the research literature say about how multicultural issues (for example, gender, race, military status, age etc.) affect the course or treatment of the disorder? Please identify at least one research studies that has looked at a multicultural issues in relation to your disorder. Summary (20 points) a. Provide a through conclusion/summary to your paper. You could possibly include information about the future of research or what is still needed to be understood about this disorder as a way to conclude and summarize your work. APA Style (25 points)a. Has provided proper title page, internal citations, abstract, and reference page. Has followed all APA guidelines for a research paper. Grammar/Structure (25 points)a. Has used proper spelling and grammar throughout the paper. Has written the article in third person voice. Has followed proper guidelines for academic writing (does not use contractions etc). Share on Facebook Tweet Follow us Sample Answer Understanding Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in Adolescents and Children Introduction Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder characterized by persistent, intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions). When these symptoms manifest in children and adolescents, it can significantly impact their daily functioning and quality of life. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), OCD affects approximately 1-2% of children and adolescents. Understanding and addressing OCD in young individuals is crucial due to its potentially debilitating effects on their development and well-being. Detailed Description of the Disorder In children and adolescents, OCD often presents with unique features compared to adults. While the core symptoms of obsessions and compulsions are similar, young individuals may exhibit age-specific manifestations such as excessive reassurance-seeking from caregivers or avoidance behaviors related to schoolwork. The diagnostic criteria for OCD in children consider developmental factors, such as the child’s ability to comprehend their obsessions and compulsions, which may differ from adults. Theories to Explain the Disorder One major psychological theory that explains the development of OCD in children and adolescents is the cognitive-behavioral model. This theory suggests that dysfunctional beliefs about perceived threats lead to the development and maintenance of OCD symptoms. In terms of the biological basis, research indicates abnormalities in certain brain regions, particularly the orbitofrontal cortex and basal ganglia, which are involved in regulating fear responses and repetitive behaviors. Genetic factors also play a significant role in predisposing individuals to OCD. Treatment When working with children or adolescents with OCD, interventions focus on cognitive-behavioral techniques such as exposure and response prevention. These approaches aim to help individuals confront their fears gradually and learn healthier ways to manage anxiety. Additionally, involving family members in treatment can enhance the effectiveness of interventions and provide much-needed support to young individuals struggling with OCD. Multicultural Issues Multicultural factors can influence how OCD is perceived and treated across different populations. For instance, studies have shown variations in symptom expression based on cultural beliefs about mental health and stigma surrounding psychological disorders. Addressing multicultural issues in the assessment and treatment of OCD is essential to ensure culturally sensitive care tailored to the individual’s background. Summary In conclusion, understanding OCD in children and adolescents requires a comprehensive approach that considers both psychological and biological factors. By integrating evidence-based treatments and acknowledging multicultural influences, healthcare professionals can better support young individuals with OCD. Further research is needed to explore the nuances of OCD in diverse populations and enhance our understanding of effective interventions for this complex disorder. In summary, addressing OCD in children and adolescents requires a holistic approach that considers various factors contributing to the disorder’s development and manifestation. By integrating psychological theories, biological insights, culturally sensitive practices, and evidence-based treatments, healthcare professionals can provide effective support for young individuals struggling with OCD. Continued research efforts are essential to further enhance our understanding of OCD in diverse populations and improve intervention strategies for this challenging disorder. References – Author, A. (Year). Title of the study. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), page range. – Author, B. (Year). Title of the book. Publisher.     This question has been answered. Get Answer

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